re. 19th century obstetricians creating a “formula” to “teach” people that birth was “always dangerous:”
“If these facts can be substantiated; if this information can be promulgated; if females can be induced to believe that their sufferings will be diminished, or shortened, and their lives and those of their offspring, be safer in the hands of the profession; there will be no further difficulty in establishing the universal practice of obstetrics. all the prejudices of the most ignorant and nervous female, all the innate and acquired feeling of delicacy so characteristic of the sex, will afford o obstacle to the employment of male practitioners.”–Dr. Hugh L. Hodge 1838
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